Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) led to about 116 million confirmed cases causing almost 2.5 million related deaths worldwide (8th March 2021). COVID-19 is mainly characterized by a lethal severe acute respiratory syndrome, but a number of additional clinical manifestations has been described, such as severe lymphopenia and eosinopenia, extensive pneumonia, a “cytokine storm” leading to acute respiratory distress syndrome, endothelitis, thrombo-embolic complications and multiorgan failure. Moreover, a series of long lasting symptoms have been observed in the post-COVID patients, a syndrome called Long COVID.
In the last months, research studies gained several novel insights as concerns SARS Cov-2 mechanisms of infection and spreading paralleled by studies on vaccines and specific drugs. However, a surprising scenario is now emerging from these studies: a significant difference between women and men in the lethality of this infection, higher in men, and in the post-COVID syndrome, likely higher in fertile women.
This webinar, organized by the Italian Gender Medicine Network and under the auspices of the International Gender Medicine Society, would tackle these open questions. A series of lectures, specifically devoted to the dissection of this matter, will offer a deeper analysis of features and mechanisms underlying the observed sex/gender disparity in order to pull on board different scientific skills and viewpoints.


13.00/13.10Opening remarks
Giovannella Baggio (PADUA - Italy), Alexandra Kautzky-Willer (VIENNA - Austria)
Marianne J. Legato (NEW YORK - USA)

13.10/14.30SESSION I
Chairs: Alessandra Carè (ROME - Italy), Hiroaki Shimokawa (NARITA - Japan)

13.10/13.30Epidemiology at the global level
Athena Pantazis (MASERU - Lesotho)

13.30/13.50Epidemiology focusing on sex, gender and age
Paula Rochon (TORONTO - Canada)

13.50/14.10SeXX differences in immune responses to influenza and SARS-CoV-2 viruses
Sabra L. Klein (BALTIMORE - USA)

14.10/14.30Cardiovascular aspects in COVID-19 pandemic: gender differences
Vera Regitz-Zagrosek (ZURICH - Switzerland)

14.40/16.20SESSION II
Chairs: Marek Glezerman (TEL AVIV - Israel), Alexandra Kautzky-Willer (VIENNA - Austria)

14.40/15.00Clinical and radiological aspects of the lung in COVID-19: sex/gender differences
Stefano Aliberti (MILAN - Italy)

15.00/15.20Metabolic problems in COVID-19 pandemic: gender differences
Stefano Del Prato (PISA - Italy)

15.20/15.40Consideration on studying drugs and vaccines in women during the Covid 19 pandemic.
The EMA Perspective
Marco Cavaleri (AMSTERDAM - The Netherlands)

15.40/16.00Long COVID and gender
Athena Akrami (LONDON - United Kingdom)

16.00/16.20Psychosocial impact of pandemic and Human Rights: gender differences
Jing Guo (BEIJING - China)

16.20/16.30Closing remarks
Teresita Mazzei (FLORENCE - Italy), Walter Malorni (ROME - Italy)


Athena Akrami

Professor at Sainsbury Wellcome Centre, University College London (LONDON - UK)

Stefano Aliberti

Professor at Department of Pathophysiology and Transplantation, University of Milan (MILAN - Italy)

Giovannella Baggio

President of the Italian Research Center for Gender Health and Medicine, Senior Full Professor University of Padua (PADUA - Italy)

Alessandra Carè

Director of Center for Gender-specific medicine, Italian National Institute of Health (ROME - Italy)

Marco Cavaleri

Head of Biological Health Threats and Vaccines Strategy, EMA (European Medicines Agency) (AMSTERDAM -The Netherlands)

Stefano Dal Prato

Professor of Endocrinology, Dept. of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa (PISA - Italy)

Marek Glezerman

Professor Emeritus, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Head, Gender and Sex Conscious Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University (TEL AVIV - Israel)

Jing Guo

Assistant Professor at Peking University, School of Public Health (BEIJING - China)

Alexandra Kautzky-Willer

Professor of Gender Medicine, Head of the Department of Medicine III and the Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism of the General Hospital of Vienna, Medical University of Vienna (VIENNA - Austria)

Sabra L. Klein

Professor at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (BALTIMORE - USA)

Marianne J. Legato

Adjunct Professor of Medicine, Johns Hopkins, Emerita Professor of Clinical Medicine, Columbia University (NEW YORK - USA)

Walter Malorni

University of Rome Tor Vergata, Director of the Center for Global Health, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart (ROME - Italy)

Teresita Mazzei

Senior Full Professor University of Florence, Italian Federation of Medical Councils (FNOMCeO) (FLORENCE - Italy)

Athena Pantazis

Consultant at Global Health 50/50 (MASERU - Lesotho)

Vera Regitz-Zagrosek

Senior Professor at Charité Berlin and University of Zurich (ZURICH - Switzerland)

Paula Rochon

Senior Scientist of the Women’s College Research Institute at Women’s College Hospital, Professor of Geriatrics at the University of Toronto (TORONTO - Canada)

Hiroaki Shimokawa

Vice Dean, Graduate School, International University of Health and Welfare (NARITA - Japan)


Italian gender medicine network

  • Giovannella Baggio - Italian Research Centre for Gender Health and Medicine
  • Alessandra Caré - Italian National Health Institute
  • Walter Malorni - Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome
  • Teresita Mazzei - (FNOMCeO) Italian Federation of Medical Councils
  • Anna Maria Moretti - (GISeG) Italian Group of Gender Medicine
  • Elena Ortona - Italian National Health Institute

International gender medicine scientific board

  • President
    Alexandra Kautzky-Willer (VIENNA - Austria)

  • Giovannella Baggio (PADUA - Italy)
  • Gillian Einstein (TORONTO - Canada)
  • Dov Feldberg (HERZLIYA - Israel)
  • Marek Glezerman (TEL AVIV - Israel)
  • Margarethe Hochleitner (INNSBRUCK - Austria)
  • Ineke Klinge (MAASTRICHT - The Netherlands)
  • Marianne J. Legato (NEW YORK - USA)
  • Kateryna Ostrovska (DNIPRO - Ukraine)
  • Vera Regitz-Zagrosek (BERLIN - Germany)
  • Hiroaki Shimokawa (NARITA - Japan)
  • Mia von Euler (STOCKHOLM - Sweden)